Conditions related to CVD and how they are a risk factor

Atrial fibrillation

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a heart condition that causes an irregular and often abnormally fast heart rate. It is one of the most common forms of abnormal heart rhythm and a major cause of stroke. We estimate that in Cheshire and Merseyside around 66,000 people have an irregular heartbeat (AF), a condition which, if untreated, can lead to stroke. Around 52,000 people had a stroke or mini-stroke (Transient ischemic attack -TIA) in 2016/17.

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High blood pressure

High blood pressure, or hypertension, rarely has noticeable symptoms. But if untreated, it increases your risk of developing serious health problems such as heart attacks and strokes.

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Cholesterol is a group of blood fats known as lipids, and we all need some to stay healthy. Too much can cause serious health problems which are preventable including heart attacks and strokes. For most people too much cholesterol is due to an unhealthy lifestyle, though some people are born with genetics causing high cholesterol.

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